Prevent overscroll/bounce in iOS MobileSafari and Chrome (CSS only)

UPDATE 2017.12: For non-Safari browsers (e.g. Chrome, Firefox) you can use overscroll-behavior to solve exactly this. Simply apply overscroll-behavior-y: none; on html, body and be done with it.

html, body {
  overscroll-behavior-y: none;
}

Safari however does not support it …

UPDATE 2021.06: The workaround below no longer seems to work in recent iOS/MobileSafari versions (iOS 12+) … 😭. Follow Webkit bug #176454 to stay up-to-date on support in Safari.

Know this bouncy overscrolling behaviour that browsers have been doing whenever you reach the “edge” of the page its contents?

elastic-scrolling
Bram.us, with bounce scroll

Sometimes – in fullscreen apps for example – you’ll want to disable this. Now, there’s no need to resort to JavaScript and hijack touchstart, as the little CSS snippet below can prevent the rubber band scrolling:

html,
body {
  position: fixed;
  overflow: hidden;
}

Tested with iOS8, iOS9, and iOS10.

However, this snippet disables *all* scrolling on the body. If you want to retain scrolling on your page (but now without the overscroll effect), you need to make use of a scrollable wrapper that spans the entire window/screen and which wraps around your entire content. Like so:

<html>
…
<body>
  <div class="mainwrapper">
    …
  </div>
</body>
</html>
body > .mainwrapper {
  width: 100vw;
  height: 100vh;
  overflow-y: scroll;
  -webkit-overflow-scrolling: touch; /* enables “momentum” (smooth) scrolling */
}

You’ll most likely want to remove the margin and padding from the body too in that case 😉

Note that your mileage may vary. Other pure CSS solutions do exist (untested though)

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About the author

Bramus is a Freelance Web Developer from Belgium. From the moment he discovered view-source at the age of 14 (way back in 1997), he fell in love with the web and has been tinkering with it ever since (more …)

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27 Comments

    1. That’s correct. I’ve updated the post to include instructions to using a scrollable wrapper around your content. That way overscroll on the body is prevented, but scrolling of the content is maintained.

  1. Any way to make this work with a site that’s been “Added to Homescreen”?

    I can’t seem to find anything :[

  2. While this works fine for a web page in a browser, it doesn’t seem to help with a Cordova hybrid app.. When I run my app, it’s almost like the WebView component itself is scrolling as opposed to something within the “html” element. I confirmed this by selecting the “html” element in VS2015’s DOM Inspector and watching the location of the DOM highlight while scrolling.

    All the solutions I’ve found end up disabling momentum scrolling completely, which results in another issue where iOS can’t scroll a page if the tap-drag starts on an “input” field.

    So, does anybody know of a way to get around this?

  3. i did following this guide but it still have bouncing effect when scrolling to bottom or top viewport ?

  4. This works for me, but it creates some scrolling lag (in osx safari at least) sooo…no good 🙁

  5. This works but since the body is no larger than the screen size, the address bar will not minimise when scrolling down, not important for a lot of people but I’m working on a webapp and I realised this halfway through

  6. It’s a shame we still need to fiddle with non-working workarounds for this in 2021. There is a standard CSS property out there, implemented by actually all other browser vendors but Apple simply refuses to adopt it…

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